Pyraustinae

Zlatan Toubro August 8, 2016 P 0 0
FONT SIZE:
fontsize_dec
fontsize_inc

Pyraustinae er en stor underfamilie af sommerfugle familien Crambidae, de crambid snude møl. Det omfatter i øjeblikket over 1.400 arter, de fleste af dem tropiske, men nogle findes i tempererede områder, herunder både Nordamerika og Europa.

Den Pyraustinae blev oprindeligt herunder Spilomelinae; den nuværende gruppe var på daværende tidspunkt betragtet som en stamme Pyraustini. Det er ikke blevet fuldt etableret endnu som systematiske enheder af den Pyraustinae sensu lato tilhører Pyraustinae som i øjeblikket forstået; dermed antallet af arter i denne underfamilie er sat til at stige.

Taksonomer 'forskellige meninger med hensyn til den korrekte placering af Crambidae, nogle myndigheder behandle dem som en underfamilie af familien Pyralidae. Hvis dette er gjort, er Pyraustinae normalt behandles som en særskilt underfamilie inden Pyralidae.

Den Pyraustinae er karakteriseret ved forkrøblede spinula og venulae i tympanal organer; en smal fornix tympani; en langsgående rille med androconial skæl på den mandlige mesothoracic skinneben; en ofte spinose antrum; og en sella og en editum med modificeret setae på han valvae.

Mange arter har larver, der fødte i stængler og frugt af planter, og flere, især fra slægten Ostrinia, er alvorlige landbrugs skadedyr.

Pyraustinae taksonomi

  • Acellalis Pagenstecher, 1884
  • Achyra Guenée 1849
  • Acropentias Meyrick 1890
  • Adoxobotys Munroe, 1978
  • Aeolosma Meyrick 1938
  • Aglaops Warren, 1892
  • Ametrea Munroe 1964
  • Anamalaia Munroe & amp; Mutuura 1969
  • Anania Hübner, 1823
  • Ancyloptila Meyrick 1889
  • Aplectropus Hampson i Walsingham & amp; Hampson, 1896
  • Aponia Munroe 1964
  • Arenochroa Munroe 1976
  • Arunamalaia Rose & amp; Kirti, 1987
  • Asphadastis Meyrick 1934
  • Atomoclostis Meyrick 1934
  • Aulacoptera Hampson, 1896
  • Aurorobotys Munroe & amp; Mutuura 1971
  • Authaeretis Meyrick 1886
  • Auxolophotis Meyrick 1933
  • Betousa Walker 1865
  • Burathema Walker 1863
  • Calamochrous Lederer 1863
  • Callibotys Munroe & amp; Mutuura 1969
  • Capparidia Dumont 1931
  • Carminibotys Munroe & amp; Mutuura 1971
  • Catapsephis Hampson, 1899
  • Ceuthobotys Munroe, 1978
  • Charitoprepes Warren 1896
  • Cheloterma Meyrick 1933
  • Chilochroma Amsel 1956
  • Chilocorsia Munroe 1964
  • Chilopionea Munroe 1964
  • Chobera Moore, 1888
  • Circobotys Butler, 1879
  • Clatrodes Marion & amp; Viette 1953
  • Coelobathra Turner, 1908
  • Coptobasoides Janse, 1935
  • Crocidophora Lederer 1863
  • Crypsiptya Meyrick, 1894
  • Cryptosara E. L. Martin 1956
  • Cybalobotys Maes 2001
  • Cyclarcha Swinhoe 1894
  • Daulia Walker, 1859
  • Daunabotys Maes 2004
  • Decelia Snellen 1880
  • Deltobotys Munroe 1964
  • Demobotys Munroe & amp; Mutuura 1969
  • Deuterophysa Warren 1889
  • Discothyris Warren, 1895
  • Drakme Bryk 1913
  • Ecpyrrhorrhoe Hübner, 1825
  • Elosita Snellen 1899
  • Emphylica Turner 1913
  • Endographis Meyrick, 1894
  • Endotrichella Collins, 1962
  • Ennomosia Amsel 1956
  • Enyocera Snellen 1880
  • Epicorsia Hübner, 1818
  • Epiecia Walker, 1866
  • Epiparbattia Caradja 1925
  • Eporidia Walker, 1859
  • Eretmopteryx Saalmüller, 1884
  • Erinothus Hampson, 1899
  • Euclasta Lederer 1855
  • Eumaragma Meyrick 1933
  • Eumorphobotys Munroe & amp; Mutuura 1969
  • Euphyciodes Marion 1954
  • Eustenia Snellen 1899
  • Exeristis Meyrick 1886
  • Fumibotys Munroe 1976
  • Furcivena Hampson, 1896
  • Glaucoda Karsch, 1900
  • Glyphidomarptis Meyrick 1936
  • Gnamptorhiza Warren, 1896
  • Gynenomis Munroe & amp; Mutuura 1968
  • Gyptitia Snellen 1883
  • Hahncappsia Munroe 1976
  • Helvibotys Munroe 1976
  • Heterocnephes Lederer 1863
  • Hutuna Whalley, 1962
  • Hyalea Guenée, 1854
  • Hyalobathra Meyrick 1885
  • Hyalorista Warren, 1892
  • Hymenia Hübner, 1825
  • Hyperectis Meyrick 1904
  • Hyphercyna Sauber 1899
  • Idiusia Warren 1896
  • Ischnoscopa Meyrick, 1894
  • Ismene Savigny, 1816
  • Isocentris Meyrick 1887
  • Lampridia Snellen 1880
  • Lamprophaia Caradja 1925
  • Lepidoplaga Warren, 1895
  • Leptosophista Meyrick 1938
  • Leucophotis Butler 1886
  • Limbobotys Munroe & amp; Mutuura, 1970
  • Lirabotys J. C. Shaffer & amp; Munroe 2007
  • Lotanga Moore, 1886
  • Loxoneptera Hampson, 1896
  • Loxostege Hübner, 1825
  • Lumenia Joannis 1929
  • Mabra Moore, 1885
  • Macrospectrodes Warren 1896
  • Massepha Walker, 1859
  • Megatarsodes Marion 1954
  • Metaprotus Hampson, 1899
  • Metasiodes Meyrick, 1894
  • Mimasarta Ragonot 1894
  • Mimetebulea Munroe & amp; Mutuura 1968
  • Monocoptopera Hampson, 1899
  • Monodonta kenrick 1907
  • Munroeodes Amsel, 1957
  • Nacoleiopsis Matsumura 1925
  • Nagiella Munroe 1976
  • Nankogobinda Rose & amp; Singh-Kirti, 1986
  • Nascia J. Curtis, 1835
  • Neadeloides Klima 1939
  • Neasarta Hampson, 1908
  • Neoepicorsia Munroe 1964
  • Neohelvibotys Munroe 1976
  • Nephelobotys Munroe & amp; Mutuura, 1970
  • Nephelolychnis Meyrick 1933
  • Nevrina Guenée, 1854
  • Niphostola Hampson, 1896
  • Nomis Motschulsky 1861
  • Nymphulosis Amsel 1959
  • Oenobotys Munroe 1976
  • Oligocentris Hampson, 1896
  • Oronomis Munroe & amp; Mutuura 1968
  • Ostrinia Hübner, 1825
  • Pagyda Walker, 1859
  • Palepicorsia Maes, 1995
  • Paliga Moore, 1886
  • Palpusia Amsel 1956
  • Paracentristis Meyrick 1934
  • Paracorsia Marion 1959
  • Paranomis Munroe & amp; Mutuura 1968
  • Paratalanta Meyrick 1890
  • Parbattia Moore, 1888
  • Paschiodes Hampson 1913
  • Patissodes Hampson 1919
  • Peribona Snellen 1895
  • Perispasta Zeller 1875
  • Piletosoma Hampson, 1899
  • Pimelephila Tams, 1930
  • Pioneabathra J. C. Shaffer & amp; Munroe 2007
  • Placosaris Meyrick 1897
  • Plantegumia Amsel 1956
  • Platytesis Hampson 1919
  • Pleonectoides Hampson 1891
  • Portentomorpha Amsel 1956
  • Powysia Maes 2006
  • Preneopogon Warren, 1896
  • Proconica Hampson, 1899
  • Prodasycnemis Warren, 1892
  • Prodelophanes Meyrick 1937
  • Protepicorsia Munroe 1964
  • Protinopalpa Strand 1911
  • Prototyla Meyrick 1933
  • Psammotis Hübner, 1825
  • Pseudebulea Butler, 1881
  • Pseudepicorsia Munroe 1964
  • Pseudopagyda Slamka 2013
  • Pseudopolygrammodes Munroe & amp; Mutuura 1969
  • Pseudopyrausta Amsel 1956
  • Ptiladarcha Meyrick 1933
  • Pyralausta Hampson 1913
  • Pyrasia M. O. Martin, 1986
  • Pyrausta Schrank, 1802
  • Pyraustimorpha Kocak & amp; Syv, 1995
  • Radessa Munroe, 1977
  • Ravanoa Moore, 1885
  • Rhectocraspeda Warren, 1892
  • Rhynchetria Klunder van Gijen 1913
  • Rodaba Moore, 1888
  • Sarabotys Munroe 1964
  • Saucrobotys Munroe 1976
  • Sclerocona Meyrick 1890
  • Semniomima Warren, 1892
  • Sericoplaga Warren, 1892
  • Sinibotys Munroe & amp; Mutuura 1969
  • Sisyracera Möschler 1890
  • Sitochroa Hübner, 1825
  • Stenochora Warren, 1892
  • Tangla Swinhoe, 1900
  • Tasenia Snellen 1901
  • Thivolleo Maes 2006
  • Thliptoceras Warren i Swinhoe 1890
  • Thysanodesma Butler 1889
  • Tipuliforma kenrick 1907
  • Tirsa J. F. G. Clarke 1971
  • Togabotys Yamanaka, 1978
  • Toxobotys Munroe & amp; Mutuura 1968
  • Trichoceraea Sauber i G. Semper 1902
  • Trigamozeucta Meyrick 1937
  • Trithyris Lederer 1863
  • Triuncidia Munroe 1976
  • Uncobotyodes Kirti & amp; Rose, 1990
  • Uresiphita Hübner, 1825
  • Vittabotys Munroe & amp; Mutuura, 1970
  • Xanthomelaena Hampson, 1896
  • Xanthostege Munroe 1976

Nogle Pyraloidea stadig ikke entydigt placeres i en bestemt stamme eller endda familie; Blandt disse er Tanaobela f.eks undertiden tildelt Pyraustinae.

Tidligere slægter

  • Aediodina Strand 1919
  • Cavifrons Zeller 1872
  • Cryptographis Lederer 1863
  • Haplochytis Meyrick 1933
  • Orocala Walker, 1866
  • Protinopalpella Strand 1911
  Like 0   Dislike 0
Kommentarer (0)
Ingen kommentar

Tilføj en kommentar

smile smile smile smile smile smile smile smile
smile smile smile smile smile smile smile smile
smile smile smile smile smile smile smile smile
smile smile smile smile
Tegn tilbage: 3000
captcha